|dc.description.abstract||Introduction: This study presents how music and music therapy may influence adolescents with shyness, introvert behaviour or social withdrawal.
Methods: The methods used are a literature review of international research studies, semistructured in-depth interviews with two Norwegian music therapists, and a survey with 15 Norwegian music therapists, who had experience with the target group, as respondents.
Results: 31 of the 42 studies included in the literature review claim to have found positive effects of music and music therapy. The findings in the in-depth interviews describe the importance of activity, facilitation / interpretation, music selection / taste in music, relation, possibility for movement, regulation of emotion, self-expression and understanding of own feelings, the experience of mastering and confirmation / recognition. The respondents to the survey assessed the effect of relational training in music therapy to be statistic significant (p<0.05) good, with a mean value of 3.2, and the effect of confirmation / recognition to be statistic significant (p<0.05) good to very good, with a mean value of 3.63. The music therapists’ assessment of the efficiacy of methods used in the target group showed a mean value of 3.14, which corresponds to an effect of good to very good4.
Discussion: The results from the literature review, the in-depth interviews and the survey are for the most part coherent. In the discussion about whether music and music therapy has a negative effect or not on these adolescents there are some disagreements.
Keywords: music therapy, music, shyness, adolescent.||no_NO